The Naga jolokia, as it is commonly known, is a chili pepper generally recognized as the hottest in the world. The pepper is occasionally called the ghost chili by Western media due to a mistranslation. The Naga Jolokia is an interspecific hybrid primarily from Bangladesh, but also from the neighbouring Assam region of northeastern India. It can also be found in rural Sri Lanka where it is known as Nai Mirris (Cobra Chilli).
In 2000, India’s Defence Research Laboratory (DRL) reported a rating of 855,000 units on the Scoville scale, and in 2004 a rating of 1,041,427. For comparison, Tabasco sauce rates at 2,500–5,000, habanero peppers are 100,000–350,000 units, and pure capsaicin (the chemical responsible for the pungency of pepper plants) rates at 15,000,000–16,000,000 Scoville units.