Archive for October 26th, 2010

October 26, 2010

Calabi–Yau Manifold

A Calabi-Yau space is a mathematical construction used by physicists to describe parts of nature that are too small to see with the human eye. Physicists use Calabi-Yau spaces in studying high energy physics of which string theory is a part. These structures add 6, 7, or more dimensions to the four dimension (three for space, one for time) model of the universe.

The study of Calabi-Yau spaces is part of a mathematical theory known as ‘manifold theory.’ These tiny parts are interesting because although they are small, they are also very high in energy. It is like they are compressed like a spring, or like a very long rubber band wrapped around a golf ball. And the smaller we go the more energy the tiny particles contain. These models are named for mathematicians Eugenio Calabi and  Shing-Tung Yau.

October 26, 2010

Heterochromia

In anatomy, heterochromia [het-uh-roh-kroh-me-uh] refers to a difference in coloration, usually of the iris but also of hair or skin. Heterochromia is a result of the relative excess or lack of melanin (a pigment). It may be inherited or due to disease or injury. Eye color, specifically the color of the irises, is determined primarily by the concentration and distribution of melanin. The affected eye may be hyperpigmented (hyperchromic) or hypopigmented (hypochromic).

Heterochromia of the eye (heterochromia iridis or heterochromia iridum) is of two kinds. In complete heterochromia, one iris is a different color from the other. In partial heterochromia or sectoral heterochromia, part of one iris is a different color from its remainder. Partial or sectoral heterochromia is much less common than complete heterochromia and is typically found in autosomally inherited disorders such as Hirschsprung’s disease and Waardenburg syndrome.

October 26, 2010

Dr. Teeth and The Electric Mayhem

dr teeth

Dr. Teeth and The Electric Mayhem is the name of a Muppet rock band. Dr. Teeth was designed by Jim Henson, while the rest of the original band members were designed by Michael K. Frith. The band consists of Dr. Teeth on vocals and keyboards, Janice on guitar, Sgt. Floyd Pepper on bass guitar, Zoot on saxophone, and Animal on drums. In season five of ‘The Muppet Show,’ Lips joined the band on trumpet. The original pilot episode featured ‘Jim,’ a Muppet caricature of Jim Henson on banjo.

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October 26, 2010

Dr. Luke

dr luke

Lukasz Gottwald, better known as Dr. Luke, is an American songwriter, record producer, and remixer. Luke performed with the Saturday Night Live Band band for ten seasons until 2007. He has co-written and co-produced a string of commercially successful songs including Taio Cruz’s ‘Dynamite,’ Kelly Clarkson’s ‘Since U Been Gone,’ Pink’s ‘U + Ur Hand,’ Avril Lavigne’s ‘Girlfriend,’ Katy Perry’s ‘I Kissed a Girl,’ Britney Spears’ ‘Circus,’ Miley Cyrus’s ‘Party in the U.S.A.,’ and Ke$ha’s ‘Tik Tok.’

He was named one of the top ten producers of the decade by Billboard in 2009 and the Songwriter of the Year at the 2010 ASCAP Pop Music Awards. He is a frequent collaborator with Swedish music producer and songwriter Martin Karl Sandberg, aka Max Martin.

October 26, 2010

Zojirushi

zojirushi

Zojirushi is a Japanese multinational manufacturer and marketer of high-quality vacuum flasks, bread machines and consumer electronics including electric water boilers, refrigerators and rice cookers. It has a branch in South Korea and subsidiary companies in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and the United States. Zojirushi is listed on Osaka Securities Exchange.

The company was founded in 1918 as the Ichikawa Brothers Trading Company in Osaka and in 1948 was changed to Kyowa Manufacturing Co., Ltd. In 1961, its name was changed again to the Zojirushi Corporation and its corporate logo, including an elephant (Zōjirushi means ‘elephant mark’) was adopted.

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October 26, 2010

Propolis

Colgate Propolis

Propolis [prop-uh-lis] is a resinous mixture that honey bees collect from tree buds, sap flows, or other botanical sources. It is used as a sealant for unwanted open spaces in the hive. Propolis is used for small gaps (approximately 6 millimeters or less), while larger spaces are usually filled with beeswax.

Its color varies depending on its botanical source, the most common being dark brown, but it can be found in green, red, black and white hues. Propolis is sticky at and above room temperature. At lower temperatures it becomes hard and very brittle. Propolis is also marketed by health food stores as a traditional medicine with a variety of uses.

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October 26, 2010

Berkshire Pig

berkshire pig

Berkshire [burk-sheerPigs are a rare, black skinned breed of pig originating from Britain that is considered the finest source of pork by chefs and gourmands. In Britain breeding is maintained by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust at Aldenham Country Park, Hertfordshire and the South of England Rare Breeds Centre in Kent. It is listed as ‘vulnerable’ as there are fewer than 300 breeding females.

In the United States, the American Berkshire Association, established in 1875, pedigrees only hogs directly imported from established English herds, or hogs tracing directly back to such imported animals. The pig is also bred in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, under the trademarked name Kurobuta.

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October 26, 2010

Hood Internet

The Hood Internet is a Chicago-based duo specializing in mashups of hip-hop (from the mainstream to the underground) with indie rock. They also run a blog of the same name through which they release their music, a venture that helped them earn notability as a minor internet phenomenon. The Hood Internet is composed of Aaron Brink (aka ABX) and Steve Reidell (aka STV SLV).

October 26, 2010

Hygiene Hypothesis

probiotic

no peanuts

The hygiene hypothesis states that the more hygienic a society is, the more allergic they are as well. Studies suggest that the immune system in early infancy is primed to recognize and fight infections. In the absence of infections, the immune system begins to target innocuous items in the child’s diet and environment. A rise in peanut allergies, in particular, is being investigated as the result of a lack of early childhood exposure to infectious agents, symbiotic microorganisms (e.g., gut flora or probiotics), and parasites. The theory that exposure to infections decreases the risk of an allergy was first proposed by, David P. Strachan in an article published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ), in 1989.

Other diseases, such as the rise of autoimmune diseases and acute lymphoblastic leukemia in young people in the developed world, have also been linked to the hygiene hypothesis. There is also some evidence that autism is caused by an immune disease, and at least one study implicates the hygiene hypothesis as a cause of autism. Because of the increased use of antibiotics, antipyretics (fever reducing drugs), and vaccines against childhood diseases, children with modern medical care are less likely to experience high fever. According to some medical papers, high fever may prevent cancer.

October 26, 2010

Thrones

The Thrones are a class of celestial beings mentioned by Paul of Tarsus in Colossians 1:16 (New Testament) and related to the throne of God. They are living symbols of God’s justice and authority. The corresponding order of angels in Judaism is called the Erelim, which translates to ‘valiant ones,’ ‘heroes,’ or ‘warriors’. The Ophanim (Wheels or Galgallin) is a class of higher liberated celestial beings, under many Christian angelic hierarchies, that are also known as the ‘Thrones,’ from Daniel 7:9 (Old Testament). They are the carriers of the throne of God, hence the name. They are said to be wheels within wheels covered in eyes.

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