AAirpass is a membership-based discount program offered by American Airlines to frequent flyers launched in 1981. The program is best known for a previous offering of unlimited travel on American Airlines and unlimited access to Admirals Club locations. Pass holders were offered terms of five years or lifetime. Today the program no longer offers lifetime or unlimited travel focusing instead on pre-paid fares at a discounted, fixed price for frequent travelers. A minimum commitment of $10,000 per traveler, per year is required. Existing unlimited AAirpasses remain valid.

The program initially enabled passholders unlimited first class travel on any of the airline’s flights worldwide. Lifetime membership was priced at $250,000, with the option to purchase a companion pass for an additional $150,000. A total of 66 AAirpasses are reported to have been sold under the unlimited travel conditions with businessman Michael Dell and Willie Mays among those who purchased the original offer. The program was launched at a time when the airline was struggling financially and in need of a quick infusion of cash.

The price of the pass increased to $600,000 in 1990, and $1.01 million in 1993. The airline ended sales of the unlimited passes in 1994 except for a one time offer in the 2004 Neiman Marcus Christmas catalog at a price of $3 million for the pass and $2 million for a companion pass which did not find a buyer.

In 2012, during a period of financial instability for the airline, American Airlines assigned a ‘revenue integrity unit’ to investigate AAirpass holders. The airline’s investigators concluded that two AAirpass holders, Steven Rothstein and Jacques Vroom were costing the airline more than $1 million annually. The airline points to accumulation of air miles for flights which they received for free under the AAirpass, allowing some passengers to accumulate tens of millions of miles as well as taxes and airport fees paid for by the airline. The program has been called ‘a huge disaster’ for the company. Two AAirpass holders including their companion passes were terminated from the program when the airline accused them of fraudulent activity.

Steve Rothstein, a financier then from Chicago, upgraded to a lifetime AAirpass for $233,509.93 on October 1, 1987 after a discount of $16,490.07 for the value of mileage on a previous AAirpass. He added a $150,000 companion pass 2 years later. Rothstein negotiated additions to the contract, including a provision for his companion to fly on flights immediately before or after his flight. During the more than 10 years Rothstein owned the pass, he traveled more than 10 million miles, accumulated over 40 million frequent flier miles (all of which he gave away), made more than 500 trips to England alone and cost the airline more than $21 million according to them.

On December 13, 2008, Rothstein checked in at Chicago O’Hare International Airport with a friend for a flight to Bosnia. A letter from the airline was hand-delivered to him at the airport informing him that the pass had been terminated due to fraudulent behavior, specifically his history of approaching passengers at the gate and offering them travel on his companion seat. Rothstein sued American Airlines in Federal District Court, arguing that ‘American waived its rights to enforce the contract by not cracking down on Rothstein sooner’ according to District Court Judge Virginia Kendall who denied Rothstein’s motion in 2011. Litigation was delayed due to the airline’s filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. By the end of 2012, the two parties appear to have settled their case out of court, with Rothstein’s appeal dismissed and the airline’s counterclaims dismissed with prejudice.

Jacques E. Vroom Jr., a Dallas based marketing executive paid $356,000 for his unlimited AAirpass and companion pass on December 28, 1989. After traveling nearly 38 million miles, a letter was hand-delivered to Vroom by airline security personnel on July 30, 2008 during check-in at London Heathrow Airport informing him that his passes had been terminated for fraudulent activity. The airline sued Vroom in 2011, accusing him of selling his companion seat, a violation of the American Airlines 1994 Tariff Rule 744. Vroom countersued, arguing that the rule went into effect after purchase of the lifetime pass and accusing the airline of slander.

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