Moulage

moulage kit

Moulage arm

Moulage [moo-lahzh] (French: ‘casting/moulding’) is the art of applying mock injuries for the purpose of training Emergency Response Teams and other medical and military personnel. Moulage may be as simple as applying pre-made rubber or latex ‘wounds’ to a healthy ‘patient’s’ limbs, chest, head, etc., or as complex as using complicated makeup and theater techniques to provide elements of realism (such as blood, vomitus, open fractures, etc.) to the training simulation. The practice dates to at least the Renaissance, when wax figures were used for this purpose.

The history of wax models is ancient. Wax anatomical models were first made by Gaetano Giulio Zummo (1656–1701) who first worked in Naples, then Florence, and finally Paris, where he was granted monopoly right by Louis XIV. Later, Jules Baretta (1834–1923) made more than 2000 splendid wax models in Hospital Saint-Louis, Paris. While wax models were being made, he made pleasant conversations with the patients, sang songs or at times played the piano.

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